CLASSES OF DRIVER'S LICENCE

 There are 13 different classes of the driver's license  . Each one authorizes its holder to drive a specific category of road vehicle.

A Class 1 licence authorizes its holder to drive a combination of vehicles, i.e.:

  • a double-axle road tractor with a net weight of 4,500 kg or more, equipped with a fifth wheel, having no cargo space and hauling one or more or semi-trailers
  • a road tractor with 3 axles or more equipped with a fifth wheel, having no cargo space and hauling a trailer or one or more semi-trailers
  • a truck covered by Class 3 hauling a trailer or semi-trailer whose net weight is 4,500 kg or more and which is only used to transport equipment, tools or furnishings as part of its permanent equipment
  • a truck covered by Class 3 hauling any trailer or semi-trailer other than those described above, with a net weight of 2,000 kg or more

Class 1 also authorizes its holder to operate all other types of road vehicles, except for:

  • motorcycles (Classes 6A, 6B, 6C and 6E)

To drive a taxi (Class 4C), you must also hold a taxi driver's permit.

A Class 1 licence can bear the following endorsements:

  • F – To drive a heavy vehicle equipped with an air brake system
  • M – To drive a heavy vehicle equipped with a manual transmission
  • T – To drive a road train, that is, a double road train more than 25 metres long that requires a special road train operating permit

A Class 2 licence authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a bus designed to transport more than 24 passengers

Class 2 also authorizes its holder to operate all other types of road vehicles, except for:

  • heavy vehicle combinations (Class 1)
  • motorcycles (Classes 6A, 6B, 6C and 6E)

To drive a taxi (Class 4C), you must also hold a taxi driver's permit.

A Class 2 licence can bear the following endorsements:

  • F – To drive a heavy vehicle equipped with an air brake system
  • M – To drive a heavy vehicle equipped with a manual transmission

A Class 3 licence authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a truck with 2 axles and whose net weight of 4,500 kg or more
  • a truck with 3 or more axles
    • either of the above vehicles that is:
      • hauling a trailer or semi-trailer and which is only used to transport equipment, tools or furnishings as part of its permanent equipment, and whose net weight is greater than2,000 kg but less than 4,500 kg
      • hauling a trailer or semi-trailer whose net weight is less than 2,000 kg

Class 3 also authorizes its holder to operate all other types of road vehicles, except for:

  • heavy vehicle combinations (Class 1)
  • buses designed to transport more than 24 passengers (Class 2)
  • motorcycles (Classes 6A, 6B, 6C and 6E)

To drive a taxi (Class 4C), you must also hold a taxi driver's permit.

A Class 3 licence can bear the following endorsements:

  • F – To drive a truck equipped with an air brake system
  • M – To drive a truck equipped with a manual transmission

A Class 4A licence authorizes its holder to drive:

  • an ambulance
  • a police vehicle
  • a fire department vehicle

A Class 4A licence also authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a bus designed to transport 24 passengers or less (Class 4B)
  • a taxi (Class 4C), if you hold a taxi driver's permit
  • a passenger vehicle (Class 5)
  • a moped or scooter (Class 6D)
  • a tractor (Class 8)

A Class 4B licence authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a bus or minibus designed to transport 24 passengers or less

A Class 4B licence also authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a taxi (Class 4C), if you hold a taxi driver's permit
  • a passenger vehicle (Class 5)
  • a moped or scooter (Class 6D)
  • a tractor (Class 8)

You must hold a Class 4C licence as well as a taxi driver's permit issued by the SAAQ to work as a taxi driver anywhere in Québec except on the Island of Montréal, in which case the permit is issued by the Bureau du taxi de MontréalThis link will open in a new window. For more information, consult the Taxi and Limousine section.

A Class 4C licence also authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a passenger vehicle (Class 5)
  • a moped or scooter A 2- or 3-wheel passenger vehicle equipped with an electric motor or a gasoline-powered engine with a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cc and an automatic transmission. (Class 6D)
  • a tractor (Class 8)

A Class 5 licence authorizes its holder to drive:

  • an automobile, that is, a vehicle having 2 axles and a net weight of less than 4,500 kg
  • a motor home, also known as a recreational vehicle (RV)
  • a tool vehicle, such as a grader or loader
  • a service vehicle, such as a tow truck

A Class 5 licence also authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a moped or scooter (Class 6D)
  • a tractor (Class 8)

The vehicle can haul a trailer.

A Class 6A licence authorizes its holder to drive:

  • any motorcycle

A Class 6B licence authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a motorcycle with a cylinder capacity of 400 cc or less

A Class 6C licence authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a motorcycle with a cylinder capacity of 125 cc or less

A Class 6A, 6B or 6C licence also authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a moped or scooter (Class 6D)
  • a three-wheeled motorcycle (Class 6E)
  • a tractor (Class 8)

A Class 6D licence only authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a moped or scooter, that is:
    • a vehicle equipped with an electric motor or a motor having a cylinder capacity of not more than 50 cc with an automatic transmission and having a maximum speed of 70 km/h.

A Class 6E licence only authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a 3-wheel motorcycle<

To obtain a Class 6E licence, you must hold a Class 5 (passenger vehicle) licence and complete a one-day training course. Holders of a Class 6A, 6B or 6C (motorcycle) licence are also authorized to operate a 3-wheel motorcycle.

A Class 8 licence only authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a tractor used for farm-related purposes
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